By Richard Sherrill
Editor’s note: This article was originally published in Cessna Owner magazine, but we thought the information was so good that we wanted to share it with our Piper owners as well.
First of all, buying a used airplane isn’t like buying a car. Nowadays, once you’ve decided what car you want, you can be in and out of the dealership in a couple of hours and that includes financing. Well, unless you get that salesman — you know who I’m talking about, the guy who keeps running back and forth to his manager. To a much lesser degree, buying a plane is really more like buying a house: lots of paperwork, logistics, inspections, etc. At times I felt like I needed to be part mechanic, lawyer, loan officer, and logistics coordinator. I thought I was doing this to fly.
Up front, please know I am not an aviation expert on anything. There are plenty of expert resources (Cessna Owner Organization, AOPA, etc.) that will help you with the necessary steps of buying a plane: prebuy inspection, title, insurance, state tax (What’s state tax? Oh yeah, better save up some more for that one), etc. If you’re serious about buying a plane, you need to read and understand those steps.
I’m a private pilot with a couple hundred hours who went through the process of buying an airplane and hopefully this article will help you in ways you haven’t read or thought about before.
At the beginning of this journey, just the thought of owning an airplane seemed to be something other people did, certainly not me. I had an instructor who told me being a pilot is one thing, buying a plane is another, and owning a plane is still another. True words. Having a pilot certificate does not prepare you to buy an airplane.
While there are certain risks and challenges involved, if you want to buy a used airplane, it’s very doable. This first point, though, is going to take some faith on your part.
Take it just one step at a time
This is just one person’s experience on buying an airplane, which I did in May of 2019. I started getting serious the previous October. And, to be clear, I’m just a regular guy with a regular job making regular money. I’m not someone with money who can just go buy a new airplane or even an expensive used one.
One of the first steps in buying an airplane is money. The plane I bought, a 1979 Cessna 172N, new would cost around $400,000-plus. I paid $65,000 for mine. It had less than 3,000 hours and approximately 1,100 hours on the engine.
Don’t get me wrong, you’re going to have to lay out some money even for used, but we all know people who have spent that much and more on a nice car.
This is not an article on how to get your money together, but my key to finances was to get to the place where I owed little to no money, particularly on credit cards. I drive a 2008 Honda CRV that’s been paid off for a long time. I’d rather have a 2008 Honda and a used 172 than a nice car and no 172. It’s all about the choices we make.
I put 20% down and financed it for 15 years, which brought the payments to $447 a month. I called AOPA and they got me pointed in the right direction as to financing.
I had asked my credit union if they financed airplanes and the woman I asked gave me a blank stare. So, you’ll need to work with a loan company that speaks airplane.
Another early step is to ask yourself, “Where are you in life?” You might be interested to know that I’m 70 years old and while I still work and am active, I did ask myself several times, “Are you sure you want to buy a plane at this stage of the game?”
Someday I’ll retire, which will mean less money coming in. How do I feel about that? Do the retirement financial numbers line up for a purchase such as this? How about the anticipated repair costs? Have I accurately calculated that? In retirement will I even have enough money to buy a pizza and go to a movie? And how long can someone fly? The loan on the plane is 15 years. Heck, I may be drooling on myself in a “home” by then. But I’ve seen pictures of and articles about guys flying into their 80s. Maybe I’ll have to sell the plane before it’s even paid off. Lots of questions and concerns.
I think I’m fairly honest with myself and thoughtfully considered those questions, but the thought that lingered in my head was this: I don’t want to be sitting in a rocking chair later on in life (the drooling stage) kicking myself for not having done what I really want to do — having my own plane and flying it for as long as possible.
I want my grandkids to have memories of me taking them flying. My dad was a 500-hour VFR pilot. I’d like to honor him for sparking that interest in me.
Those thoughts are what really drove my decision. Even the thought of knowing I own a plane that’s sitting at the airport and I can go out there anytime and just look at it, clean it, or whatever was worth it. I can be frustrated about something and then let my mind wander over to N5227E and my blood pressure immediately goes down. Instant vacation.
Other minor items that drove my decision were having to schedule a rental. Where I rent (GT Aviation at Potomic Airfield (KFKX)) there are several planes to rent, but unless you schedule well in advance, all the rentals are taken up, especially on the weekends. There’s nothing wrong with that system and GT Aviation is terrific, but I wanted to have more flexibility.
The other minor (maybe not so minor) item is I want to know the plane I’m flying: the feel of the rudders, the sound of the engine, the needle variations from the instruments, etc. We drive our cars so much and I don’t think we realize how much sensory information is coming into our heads; i.e., the engine didn’t crank like I’m used to hearing and feeling, the tires feel a little squishy, I’m losing oil faster than I’m used to, etc. I wanted to know one plane that well. Having my own plane forces me, to a certain degree, to know more of the mechanics of the plane than simply renting does. I know some will criticize me for that statement, but let’s be honest, when you rent, even though you perform a detailed preflight, you are depending on the flight school A&P to “take care” of those mechanical items that you don’t really understand. Every time I get in N5227E I feel the responsibility of knowing that plane’s mechanics. I’m nowhere near knowing it all, but day by day, flight by flight, I’m learning. And that’s where I want to be.
Many of us don’t have to know the mechanics of our cars, but that’s a different circumstance. If your car breaks down, you simply pull over to the side of the road and call a repair shop. I don’t recall that chapter from when I was studying for my pilot certificate.
There are many steps involved in the buying process. If you look at all of them at once it may deter you from starting your walk down this road. And, honestly, you won’t be able to look at all of them because starting out you don’t know all the steps. But trust me, take it one step at a time and you’ll get there.
One of the early steps, for me, was just getting my head wrapped around owning an airplane. You’re buying an airplane? An airplane? Who do you think you are?
Once you get used to having that discussion with yourself, try it out on some of your flying buddies, especially ones who own a plane. If you get past this phase, you are well on your way. If you don’t have a headache yet from being inside my head, read on.
What’s your mission?
You’ve heard that phrase before. You’ve heard that’s an important question. It’s undoubtedly the most important step in buying an airplane. Consider this: Imagine you’ve got your plane and it’s sitting out at the airport. What are you going to do with it? “Fly it,” is your response. That’s not a good enough answer. Let’s go deeper.
If you haven’t thought through that answer and you pick out just any plane in your budget, then you just shot yourself in the foot — no, make that your head.
This isn’t some business school process step. This is important and real. The primary reason you have to answer this question is to figure out what plane will match what you’re really going to do with it. Let’s break it down.
Are you traveling hundreds of miles regularly? Hamburger runs only? Carrying several people most of the time? Some of the time? How often? Water landings? Sightseeing or photography? Will high wing or low wing be better for that? Do you want to get an IFR rating in this plane? How many hours a year do you expect to fly? “Oh, when I get my own plane, I’ll be out there every day flying it.” Really? You think so? Your habits are going to change just like that? This list goes on and on.
If you’re carrying more than a passenger or two only occasionally, consider buying a smaller plane and renting those times when you need a larger plane. I bet your dream of carrying your three buddies to that out of town football game or fishing or hunting trip may be just a one-time or annual deal. If so, rent a larger plane for that trip and buy a smaller plane. Maybe you’re going to buy a six-place plane and most of the time it’s just you and one passenger? Does that make sense?
I had a work friend who for months talked about buying one of those pop-up travel trailers so his family of four could take family camping outings. That’s a good, wholesome thing. Nothing wrong with that. I won’t mention that he drove us all nuts constantly talking about buying it. So, he finally bought it and took the family camping. On his first day back to work we asked, “How did it go?” We didn’t expect his answer.
“We don’t like to camp out,” So, he sold his pop-up camper at a loss and therein lies my point. What are you going to do with it? What’s your mission? You need to be specific about what you are going to do with it or you’ll be selling your plane because it’s too expensive, too big, too little, too — you get the idea.
Buying too much plane may affect more financial outlay than you and your family are comfortable with. Say you buy that beautiful Cessna 182. Man, just look at that beauty sitting out on the tarmac. Yeah, it’s nice, but now you don’t have money to go to a movie or buy pizza anymore.
Is that what you want? That’s the second mention of movies and pizza. Maybe change $100 hamburger run to $100 pizza run?
Are you buying to impress a girl or the guys? Be honest. We all love those beautiful shiny planes in the flying magazines. If you have the money, go for it. If not, you really need to noodle through this point.
What’s your mission? What are you going to do with it? That’s your first task — answer that important question. That took me longer to come to grips with than I thought.
It took a couple of flying buddies to help me. Thanks Chris Karpenko and Ken Bailey. Many times, friends can see and explain things about us better than we can see them in ourselves.
Karen from GT Aviation brought up the subject of renting versus owning. She said several planes get 100-hour inspections but they’ve not flown since the last annual. Sobering advice from someone who knows.
So, what was my mission? My mission had eight (OK, nine) parts.
- Local hamburger runs.
- Trips to my favorite North Carolina mountain place 271 miles away.
- Typically only me or me and one passenger on the flight.
- Having the plane when I want it rather than scheduling a rental.
- Knowing the plane.
- Having enough money left to buy pizza and a movie without stress.
- Didn’t need IFR avionics.
Cessna 172 because that’s what I had always flown and was comfortable with that.
OK, to impress a girl, but don’t tell anyone. And BTW, so far that hasn’t worked. Could it be me? I’m getting off topic.
If you can’t answer the “what’s your mission” question, I suggest you keep renting until you can. Your mission statement needs to roll off your tongue. It’s that important.
Now we’re going to discuss a point I hadn’t even considered until I started this journey.
You have to trust some people
I’m not an A&P mechanic. I can’t do an annual or a prebuy inspection. I don’t even know how many hours are between 100-hour inspections. OK, I was joking about that, but you get the point. I am assuming you are buying a used plane, unless you’re one of the money guys mentioned earlier. By the way, nothing against those guys. The rest of us are jealous.
Are you going to buy from an individual or a broker?
I was not comfortable buying from an individual. Nothing wrong with that, but I needed someone more experienced than me in this field — a company that hopefully could help guide me. Someone who didn’t have an emotional tie to their baby. Someone who did this for a living and would have a more realistic idea of the current market.
On the other hand, I know guys who have bought from an individual and had a great experience. So, this is your personal choice.
Who do you trust? After acquiring a Ph.D. from Trade-A-Plane — seriously I spent more time online with that site than I did studying in college — I came to trust Aircraft Ownership Solutions (AOS). I was impressed with their customer experience stories. They seemed sincere. They are located in Kokomo, Indiana (KOKK). I mean who would set up shop there to sell planes unless they were honest? I took a trip there just to meet them. I visited with Tim Keenan, the owner, and he came across as very honest. It was there that I came to the realization that you have to trust someone or you’ll never buy a used plane.
The first question Tim asked was, “What‘s your mission?” Hey, where have we heard that before? Tim was straightforward as to the risks of buying an older used plane. What kind of salesperson does that? I eventually ended up with AOS’s Cessna expert, Jon Spaulding, who helped me with most of the details. Jon was and is very punctual and professional.
You will end up needing to trust several folks including:
- The entity (individual person, broker, company) you’re buying from.
- Prebuy A&P.
- Your local A&P.
Thanks to Tim Poole who is not only an A&P but manager of GT Aviation where I took lessons and rent planes. Tim went over the logbooks for me. Who knew there is a prop logbook, an engine logbook, and an aircraft logbook?
A couple of flying buddies that you can bounce things off and who give you honest feedback.
There are more points to cover, but I think these are the main ones. Besides, how many times in your life will you buy an airplane for the first time? Get out there and do it. Hey, if I can do it, you can too. Good luck. I’m off for that $100 hamburger, er pizza.